Statement of ABA President Mary Smith Re: Missing and Murdered Indigenous People

CHICAGO, (May 6, 2024) – The American Bar Association joins with tribal nations and the country in recognizing the National Day of Awareness for Missing and Murdered Indigenous People (MMIP).  We express our deepest condolences to the families of missing Indigenous persons and stand strong in our commitment to address this crisis.

For too long, justice has been elusive for many missing, murdered indigenous people. It is a sobering and dark reality that we must work to simply acknowledge the disproportionate and devastating rates of violence that Indigenous people experience. Such disproportionality stems from multiple factors, including the vestiges of settler colonialism that has calcified into normalized violence, accompanied by, in too many cases, a critically neglectful and a disengaged law enforcement and justice response.

The crisis is one of countless missing and murdered Indigenous women and relatives. Many indigenous families have experienced the pain of having a relative, particularly young women, girls, LGBTQ and two-spirit people, disappear with the added trauma that the justice system too often turns a blind eye to their plight. On some reservations, Indigenous women are murdered at more than 10 times the national average. American Indians and Alaska Natives are 2.5 times as likely to experience violent crimes—and at least 2 times more likely to experience rape or sexual assault crimes—compared to all other races. More than 4 in 5 American Indian and Alaska Native women and men have experienced violence in their lifetime. Gender based violence, including sexual assault and physical violence, is committed up to 85% of Indigenous Two Spirit individuals.

The American Bar Association has been working diligently for over a decade to help minimize this violence and close the legal system gaps that allow it to take place. Efforts have focused on increasing access to justice and safety for Indigenous people, including victims of gender-based violence. For example, in 2020, the ABA passed two resolutions specifically addressing MMIP and calling for the support of pieces of related national legislation – Savannah’s Act and the Not Invisible Act – that are now law. The ABA has similarly passed resolutions in support of amendments supporting Tribal court sovereignty in the Violence Against Women Act.  Most recently, the Association promulgated policy increasing access to the AMBER Alert system for Alaska Natives and American Indians.

Despite these efforts and the efforts of many advocates across the country, the scourge of MMIP remains a reality in many tribal communities.  Today, as we acknowledge the National Day of Awareness for MMIP, we stand shoulder-to-shoulder in grief with indigenous families and remain steadfast in our commitment to end this crisis.

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